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TRANSPARENT REPORTING of SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS and META-ANALYSES

PRISMA Elaboration and Explanation

It is strongly recommended that the PRISMA 2020 Statement be used in conjunction with the PRISMA 2020 Explanation and Elaboration Document. This document is intended to enhance the use, understanding and dissemination of the PRISMA 2020 Statement. Through examples and explanations, the meaning and rationale for each checklist item are presented.

  • BMJ (OPEN ACCESS) Page MJ, Moher D, Bossuyt PM, Boutron I, Hoffmann TC, Mulrow CD, et al. PRISMA 2020 explanation and elaboration: updated guidance and exemplars for reporting systematic reviews. BMJ 2021;372:n160. doi: 10.1136/bmj.n160

Examples of good reporting for each checklist item in PRISMA 2020: PDF

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